In Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, 136 S. Ct. 1540 (2016), the Supreme Court held that Article III requires plaintiffs to establish a “concrete and particularized” injury-in-fact, “even in the context of a statutory violation.” Although the Supreme Court noted that “intangible” injuries, including the “violation of a procedural right” can be sufficient in some
Alicia A. Baiardo
Ali has more than a decade of experience handling complex commercial cases and financial services litigation. She represents clients ranging from individuals to manufacturers, financial services providers, and large financial institutions. She successfully advocates for her clients at all stages of litigation, depending on their goals, by obtaining awards, dismissals and beneficial settlements.
The Revitalization of CIPA Claims in the New Age of “Smart” Speakers (Part I)
Welcome to a three-part series that provides an overview of the California Invasion of Privacy Act (CIPA), examines recent CIPA litigation involving smart speakers, and proposes defenses in response to an alleged violation.
CIPA in the Age of Smart Devices
The California Invasion of Privacy Act (CIPA)—traditionally used by law enforcement and the…
Snap Removals – An Often Unconsidered Path to Federal Court
Any good litigator can tell you that removal is proper where there is diversity of citizenship and the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000. Diversity generally requires that no defendant be a citizen of the same state as the plaintiff. By way of example, consider a lawsuit filed by Paul, a Pennsylvania citizen, in Pennsylvania state…