Brenda Kennedy was hospitalized in 2009 for four days. She had an insurance policy from United American that paid benefits for each day that she spent in the hospital, and she assigned those benefits to the hospital. When she received her hospital bill, she discovered that it had only covered three days, not four. So

Despite the warnings, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes did not herald the end of the class action, or even class action scholarship. Indeed, new debates have risen in its wake. One of the most interesting is what to do about classes where large numbers of class members might not have suffered any injury. Courts

Today’s opinion, Doe v., 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 56567 (C.D. Cal. May 25, 2011), involves a plaintiff and a defendant who made the same mistake: prizing an immediate tactical move over the internal consistency of their positions. For the plaintiff, the inconsistency came from an attempt to turn an unquestionably horrific individual incident